Philosophical Studies 69 (2-3):139-153 (1993)

Elisabeth Lloyd
Indiana University, Bloomington
My contribution to this Symposium focuses on the links between sexuality and reproduction from the evolutionary point of view.' The relation between women's sexuality and reproduction is particularly importantb ecause of a vital intersectionb etweenp olitics and biology feminists have noticed, for more than a century, that women's identity is often defined in terms of her reproductive capacity. More recently, in the second wave of the feminist movement in the United States, debates about women'si dentityh ave explicitlyi ncludeds exuality;m uch feminist argument in the late 1960's and early 1970's involved an attempt to separate out an autonomous female sexuality from women's reproductive functions. It is especially relevant, then, to examine biological arguments, particularlye volutionarya rgumentst, o see what they say about whether and how women's sexuality is related to reproduction. We shall find that many evolutionarya rgumentss eem to supportt he direct linkingo f female sexualitya nd reproductionY. et I will argue that this supporti s not well-groundedI. n fact, I think evolutionarye xplanationso f female sexuality exemplify how social beliefs and social agendas can influence very basic biological explanations of fundamental physiological processes. In this paper, I shall spend some time spelling out a few examples in which assumptions about the close link between reproduction and sexuality yield misleading results, then I shall conclude with a discussion of the consequences of this case study for issues in the philosophy of science.
Keywords feminist philosophy of science  philosophy of biology  feminist philosophy of biology  bias in science  androcentrism  female orgasm  evolution of female orgasm  evolutionary psychology  evolutionary biology  evolution of women
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DOI 10.1007/bf00990080
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References found in this work BETA

Sexual Behavior in the Human Male.Alfred C. Kinsey, Wardell B. Pomeroy & Clyde E. Martin - 1953 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 15 (4):682-685.
The Woman That Never Evolved.Sarah Blaffer Hrdy - 1981 - Harvard University Press.

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Doing Ontology and Doing Justice: What Feminist Philosophy Can Teach Us About Meta-Metaphysics.Mari Mikkola - 2015 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 58 (7-8):780-805.
Theory and Observation in Science.Jim Bogen - 2009 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

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