The role of universal language in the early work of Carnap and Tarski

Synthese 194 (1):15-31 (2017)
  Copy   BIBTEX


It is often argued that by assuming the existence of a universal language, one prohibits oneself from conducting semantical investigations. It could thus be thought that Tarski’s stance towards a universal language in his fruitful Wahrheitsbegriff differs essentially from Carnap’s in the latter’s less successful Untersuchungen zur allgemeinen Axiomatik. Yet this is not the case. Rather, these two works differ in whether or not the studied fragments of the universal language are languages themselves, i.e., whether or not they are closed under derivation rules. In Carnap’s case, axiom systems are not closed under derivation rules, which enables him to adopt a substitutional concept of models. His approach is directly rooted in the tradition of formal axiomatics, we argue, and in this contrary to Tarski’s. In comparing these works by Carnap and Tarski, our aim will be to qualify the connection between Tarski’s approach and the tradition of formal axiomatics, which has been overemphasized in the literature.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 91,349

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Tarski's Nominalism.Greg Frost-Arnold - 2008 - In Douglas Patterson (ed.), New Essays on Tarski and Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
Carnap’s Early Semantics.Georg Schiemer - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (3):487-522.
Are natural languages universal?Robert L. Martin - 1976 - Synthese 32 (3-4):271 - 291.
The Architecture of Meaning: Wittgenstein's Tractatus and formal semantics.Martin Stokhof - 2008 - In D. K. Levy & Alfonso Zamuner (eds.), Wittgenstein’s Enduring Arguments. London: Routledge. pp. 211-244.
Circularity or Lacunae in Tarski’s Truth-Schemata.Dale Jacquette - 2010 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 19 (3):315-326.
Tarski's physicalism.Richard L. Kirkham - 1993 - Erkenntnis 38 (3):289-302.
Human Rationality Challenges Universal Logic.Brian R. Gaines - 2010 - Logica Universalis 4 (2):163-205.
More on Putnam and Tarski.Panu Raatikainen - 2003 - Synthese 135 (1):37 - 47.
Lesniewski's Early Liar, Tarski and Natural Language.Arianna Betti - 2004 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 127 (1-3):267-287.


Added to PP

86 (#192,854)

6 months
6 (#504,917)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Iris Loeb
VU University Amsterdam

Citations of this work

Realismus und unübersetzbare Sprachen.Sebastian Gäb - 2018 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 72 (3):382-409.

Add more citations

References found in this work

The Principles of Mathematics.Bertrand Russell - 1903 - Cambridge, England: Allen & Unwin.
The logical syntax of language.Rudolf Carnap - 1937 - London,: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner & co.. Edited by Amethe Smeaton.
The Principles of Mathematics.Bertrand Russell - 1903 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 11 (4):11-12.
Principles of Mathematics.Bertrand Russell - 1903 - New York,: Routledge.

View all 45 references / Add more references