Agora 31 (2):71-107 (2012)

Pablo Lorenzano
Freie Universität Berlin (PhD)
The aim of this article is to contribute to the discussion about the so-called “empirical claim” and “empirical basis” of theory testing. First, the proposals of reconceptualization of the standard notions of partial potential model, intended application and empirical claim of a theory made by Balzer (1982, 1988, 1997a, 1997b, 2006, Balzer, Lauth & Zoubek 1993) and Gähde (1996, 2002, 2008) will be first discussed. Then, the distinction between “global” and “local empirical basis” will be introduced, linking it with that of “global” and “local or particular empirical claim”. After that, following Balzer (1997a), along the lines of Suppes (1962), I will present a way in which what count as ‘data’ for a theory can be modeltheoretically represented and conceptualized. Finally, the proposed analysis will be exemplified with the case of classical genetics (reconstructed in Balzer & Lorenzano 2000, Lorenzano, 1995, 2000, 2002).
Keywords classical genetics  global empirical basis  local empirical basis  global empirical claim  local empirical claim  models of data  metatheoretical structuralism
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Reprint years 2013
DOI 10.15304/ag.31.2.1051
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How the Laws of Physics Lie.Nancy Cartwright - 1983 - Oxford University Press.
The Dappled World: A Study of the Boundaries of Science.Nancy Cartwright - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (1):244-247.

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