The cognitive structure of surprise: Looking for basic principles

Topoi 26 (1):133-149 (2007)
We develop a conceptual and formal clarification of notion of surprise as a belief-based phenomenon by exploring a rich typology. Each kind of surprise is associated with a particular phase of cognitive processing and involves particular kinds of epistemic representations (representations and expectations under scrutiny, implicit beliefs, presuppositions). We define two main kinds of surprise: mismatch-based surprise and astonishment. In the central part of the paper we suggest how a formal model of surprise can be integrated with a formal model of belief change. We investigate the role of surprise in triggering the process of belief reconsideration. There are a number of models of surprise developed in the psychology of emotion. We provide several comparisons of our approach with those models.
Keywords Surprise  Belief change  Theory of emotions
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s11245-006-9000-x
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
Edit this record
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Mark as duplicate
Request removal from index
Revision history
Download options
Our Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 31,334
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
On a Confusion About a Function of Consciousness.Ned Block - 1995 - Brain and Behavioral Sciences 18 (2):227-–247.
Facing Up to the Problem of Consciousness.David J. Chalmers - 1995 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 2 (3):200-19.
Dynamic Logic for Belief Revision.Johan van Benthem - 2007 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 17 (2):129-155.

View all 19 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
Merging Frameworks for Interaction.Johan van Benthem, Jelle Gerbrandy, Tomohiro Hoshi & Eric Pacuit - 2009 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 38 (5):491-526.
On Behalf of Controversial View Agnosticism.J. Adam Carter - 2018 - European Journal of Philosophy.

View all 8 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Added to PP index

Total downloads
102 ( #55,731 of 2,225,308 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
6 ( #93,082 of 2,225,308 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads
My notes
Sign in to use this feature