Olga Louchakova-Schwartz
University Of California At Davis
In this paper, a comparison is made between the rationalistic and phenomenological approaches to understanding the Islamic philosophy of illumination. The analysis shows that the rationalistic bias in translations of the relevant texts causes a misunderstanding of Suhrawardī’s argument and a subsequent misinterpretation of his key terms. The Islamic philosophy of illumination is especially vulnerable to rationalistic mis-translations due to the intuitional-eidetic character of its epistemology. In contrast to rationalism, the new phenomenological ontologies provide an adequate framework for reading Suhrawardī. A parallel is made between Suhrawardī’s treatment of the central principle, nūr mujarrad, and Husserl’s epoché and phenomenological reduction. Without this comparison, nūr mujarrad is translated as a symbolic, metaphoric term referring to an ideal entity. However, the closeness of Husserl’s and Suhrawardiīs views on consciousness, and the phenomenological nature of evidence in Part 2 of Hikmat-al Ishrāq, prove that nūr mujarrad refers to the pure subjectivity of consciousness, which is lived reality available in presentive intuition. Consequently, the term nūr mujarrad is not metaphorical, but descriptive, i.e. direct signification referring to pure awareness as the self-effulgence of consciousness-being, an ontological principle by which all selves and things in existence are present for us.
Keywords Conference Proceedings  Contemporary Philosophy
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s) 978-1-63435-038-9
DOI 10.5840/wcp2320188197
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 60,842
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Der Vergessene Protophänomenologe Anselm.Josef Seifert - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 17:70-78.
Suhrawardi's Theory of Knowledge.Mehdi Aminrazavi - 1989 - Dissertation, Temple University
A Phenomenological Perspective On Some Phenomenographic Results On Learning.Amedeo Giorgi - 1999 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 30 (2):68-93.
Social Phenomenology in the Study of Human Self.Natalia Smirnova - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 46:85-92.


Added to PP index

Total views
4 ( #1,228,628 of 2,438,869 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #283,061 of 2,438,869 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes