Relationships as Indirect Intensifiers: Solving the Puzzle of Partiality

European Journal of Philosophy 26 (1):390-410 (2018)

Authors
Jörg Löschke
University of Zürich
Abstract
Two intuitions are important to commonsense morality: the claim that all persons have equal moral worth and the claim that persons have associative duties. These intuitions seem to contradict each other, and there has been extensive discussion concerning their reconciliation. The most widely held view claims that associative duties arise because relationships generate moral reasons to benefit our loved ones. However, such a view cannot account for the phenomenon that some acts are supererogatory when performed on behalf of a stranger but obligatory when performed on behalf of a loved one. This paper offers a novel view of associative duties, according to which such duties arise because relationships serve as indirect intensifiers of moral reasons: they decrease the cost to the agent that certain acts imply, and this increases the relative weight of the reasons that speak in favour of the act in an all-things-considered judgement. This reconciles moral egalitarianism and associative duties in a promising way: the moral worth of a person always generates the same moral reasons, but due to differences in the cost to the agent, these reasons sometimes amount to obligations and sometimes do not.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Reprint years 2017, 2018
DOI 10.1111/ejop.12250
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 49,066
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Ethics Without Principles.Jonathan Dancy - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
Slaves of the Passions.Mark Schroeder - 2009 - Analysis 69 (3):574-576.
Meaning in Life and Why It Matters (Markus Rüther).Susan Wolf - 2011 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 64 (3):308.
The View From Nowhere.Thomas Nagel - 1986 - Behaviorism 15 (1):73-82.
Love as Valuing a Relationship.Niko Kolodny - 2003 - Philosophical Review 112 (2):135-189.

View all 29 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

The Justification of Associative Duties.Seth Lazar - 2016 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 13 (1):28-55.
Associative Duties and Immigration.Javier Hidalgo - 2013 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (6):697-722.
Associative Duties and the Ethics of Killing in War.Seth Lazar - 2013 - Journal of Practical Ethics 1 (1):3-48.
Associative Duties and Global Justice.Jonathan Seglow - 2010 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 7 (1):54-73.
Duties to Make Friends.Stephanie Collins - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (5):907-921.
Justifying Partiality.Errol Lord - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (3):569-590.
Debate: Do Associative Duties Really Not Matter?Seth Lazar - 2009 - Journal of Political Philosophy 17 (1):90-101.
The Source and Robustness of Duties of Friendship.Robbie Arrell - 2014 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 22 (2):166-183.
A Reconsideration of Indirect Duties Regarding Non-Human Organisms.Toby Svoboda - 2014 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (2):311-323.
Duties to Companion Animals.Steve Cooke - 2011 - Res Publica 17 (3):261-274.
Trust and Fiduciary Law.Matthew Harding - 2013 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 33 (1):81-102.
The Moral Justification of Civic Duties.Michal Sladecek - 2016 - Dialogue and Universalism 26 (2):99-112.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2017-07-10

Total views
60 ( #151,633 of 2,311,316 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
12 ( #59,031 of 2,311,316 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature