Ich und Welt: Metaphysisches Wissen als Struktur der Grammatik in "Über Gewissheit"

Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 58 (3):581 - 604 (2002)
A metafisica traditional de Descartes, Kant e Moore tern a pretensão de possuir um conhecimento certo sobre o Eu e sobre o Mundo. Em Sobre a Certeza, Wittgenstein critica esta metafisica de forma radical, pois, segundo ele, a metafisica traditional confunde as "proposições gramaticais" com proposições metafisicas. Por esta razão o presente artigo concentra-se sobre a estrutura das "proposições gramaticais" e as suas diferenças em relação a orações com conteúdo proposicional e a pretensão de verdade. Na prossecução desta andlise o artigo procura responder a questões como as seguintes: "Em que consiste a semantica pragática de Wittgenstein?" "Qual a relação entre "proposicoes gramaticais" e proposições empiricas?" e "Em que medida proposições gramaticais podem determinar uma visdo do mundo?". /// Traditional metaphysics by Descartes, Kant and Moore claims to have a certain knowledge of the I and of the world In Über Gewißheit Wittgenstein criticizes this metaphysics radically: traditional metaphysics misunderstands "grammatical sentences" as metaphysical sentences. This is why the following examination focuses on the structure of "grammatical sentences "and their differences to sentences with propositional contents and a claim to truth In this examination we will also have to answer questions like: "What does Wittgenstein's pragmatic semantics consist of?", "What is the relationship between ' grammatical sentences' and empirical sentences?" and "In which respect do ' grammatical sentences' determine a world view? ".
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