Authors
David Ludwig
Wageningen University and Research
Abstract
Holism in interwar Germany provides an excellent example for social and political in- fluences on scientific developments. Deeply impressed by the ubiquitous invocation of a cultural crisis, biologists, physicians, and psychologists presented holistic accounts as an alternative to the “mechanistic worldview” of the nineteenth century. Although the ideological background of these accounts is often blatantly obvious, many holistic scientists did not content themselves with a general opposition to a mechanistic worldview but aimed at a rational foundation of their holistic projects. This article will discuss the work of Kurt Goldstein, who is known for both his groundbreaking contributions to neuropsychology and his holistic philosophy of human nature. By focusing on Goldstein’s neurolinguistic research, I want to reconstruct the empirical foundations of his holistic program without ignoring its cultural background. In this sense, Goldstein’s work provides a case study for the formation of a scientific theory through the complex interplay between specific empirical evidences and the general cultural developments of the Weimar Republic.
Keywords Holism  Kurt Goldstein  Aphasiology  History of Neuroscience  Neuropsychology  Gestalt Theory  Reductionism  Human Nature  Philosophy of Neuroscience  Neurolinguistics
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References found in this work BETA

Aphasia and Kindred Disorders of Speech.Henry Head - 1927 - Journal of Philosophical Studies 2 (6):240-245.
Human Nature in the Light of Psychopathology.H. A. L. - 1941 - Journal of Philosophy 38 (6):166.

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Citations of this work BETA

Hysteria, Race, and Phlogiston. A Model of Ontological Elimination in the Human Sciences.David Ludwig - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 45 (1):68-77.
Hysteria, Race, Phlogiston. A Model of Ontological Elimination in the Human Sciences.David Ludwig - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences (1):68-77.
The Primacy Question in Merleau-Ponty’s Existential Phenomenology.Bryan Smyth - 2017 - Continental Philosophy Review 50 (1):127-149.

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