David Ludwig
Wageningen University and Research
Ethnobiology has become increasingly concerned with applied and normative issues such as climate change adaptation, forest management, and sustainable agriculture. Applied ethnobiology emphasizes the practical importance of local and traditional knowledge in tackling these issues but thereby also raises complex theoretical questions about the integration of heterogeneous knowledge systems. The aim of this article is to develop a framework for addressing questions of integration through four core domains of philosophy -epistemology, ontology, value theory, and political theory. In each of these dimensions, we argue for a model of “partial overlaps” that acknowledges both substantial similarities and differences between knowledge systems. While overlaps can ground successful collaboration, their partiality requires reflectivity about the limitations of collaboration and co-creation. By outlining such a general and programmatic framework, the article aims to contribute to developing “philosophy of ethnobiology” as a field of interdisciplinary exchange that provides new resources for addressing foundational issues in ethnobiology and also expands the agenda of philosophy of biology.
Keywords Ethnobiology  Ethnoecology  Knowledge Integration  Conservation  Ecology  Transdisciplinarity  Indigenous Knowledge  Traditional Ecological Knowledge  Local Knowledge  Incommensurability
Categories (categorize this paper)
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Writing the Book of the World.Theodore Sider - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - University of Chicago Press.
Science, Policy, and the Value-Free Ideal.Heather E. Douglas - 2009 - University of Pittsburgh Press.

View all 34 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Does Cognition Still Matter in Ethnobiology?David Ludwig - 2018 - Ethnobiology Letters 9 (2):269-275.
Indigenous and Scientific Kinds.David Ludwig - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 68 (1).
Rational Actions and the Integration of Knowledge.Ladislav Tondl - 2007 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 38 (1):91-110.
Indigenous Ecological Knowledge and Modern Western Ecological Knowledge: Complementary, Not Contradictory.Jacinta Mwende Maweu - 2011 - Thought and Practice: A Journal of the Philosophical Association of Kenya 3 (2):35-47.
Indigenous Ecological Knowledge Systems and Development.Ellen Woodley - 1991 - Agriculture and Human Values 8 (1-2):173-178.


Added to PP index

Total views
203 ( #40,519 of 2,325,396 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
52 ( #11,454 of 2,325,396 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes