Disagreement in science


Abstract
Summary The argument of this paper is (1) that, contrary to what is often thought, there are cases of disagreement among scientists concerning the relative acceptability of theories which do not turn on nonrational or extra-scientific considerations, (2) that agreement cannot be secured without adversely affecting the scientific enterprise as we know it, and (3) that disagreement can be accommodated within a theory of scientific rationality and progress based on the idea that the relative acceptability of scientific theories is a function of their relative problem-solving effectiveness.The diversity of our opinions does not proceed from some men being more rational than others but solely from the fact that our thoughts pass through diverse channels and the same objects are not considered by all.’ Descartes, Discourse on Method
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DOI 10.1007/bf01801223
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The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - University of Chicago Press.
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The Justification of Religious Belief.Basil Mitchell - 1973 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 6 (3):595-605.

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