Studia Neoaristotelica 13 (3):1-38 (2016)

Authors
Lukas Licka
Czech Academy Of Sciences
Abstract
[Sensation, Causality, and Attention: Roger Bacon and Peter Olivi] This paper investigates what conditions are to be met for sensory perception to occur. It introduces two diff erent theories of perception that were held by two medieval Franciscan thinkers — namely, Roger Bacon (1214/1220–1292) and Peter Olivi (ca. 1248–1298). Bacon analyses especially the causal relation between the object and the sensory organ in his doctrine of the multiplication of species. In his view, a necessary condition of perception is the reception of the species in a fully disposed sensory organ. On the contrary, Olivi stresses the active role of the sensory power. A necessary condition of sensation is the aspectus — i.e. the focus of our power’s attention on the object. Furthermore, the paper investigates whether and how each of the two thinkers can deal with the arguments proposed by his opponent — namely whether Bacon’s theory is able to explain attention and what the causal role of the object in Olivi’s theory is.
Keywords Roger Bacon  Peter Olivi  Medieval Theories of Perception  Medieval Philosophy  Attention
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ISBN(s) 1214-8407
DOI 10.5840/studneoar20161338
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References found in this work BETA

Veridical Hallucination and Prosthetic Vision.David K. Lewis - 1980 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 58 (3):239-249.
Attention.Christopher Mole - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

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