Foundations of Science (2):1-27 (2020)

Authors
Robert Luk
Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Abstract
It is relatively easy to state that information retrieval is a scientific discipline but it is rather difficult to understand why it is science because what is science is still under debate in the philosophy of science. To be able to convince others that IR is science, our ability to explain why is crucial. To explain why IR is a scientific discipline, we use a theory and a model of scientific study, which were proposed recently. The explanation involves mapping the knowledge structure of IR to that of well-known scientific disciplines like physics. In addition, the explanation involves identifying the common aim, principles and assumptions in IR and in well-known scientific disciplines like physics, so that they constrain the scientific investigation in IR in a similar way as in physics. Therefore, there are strong similarities in terms of the knowledge structure and the constraints of the scientific investigations between IR and scientific disciplines like physics. Based on such similarities, IR is considered a scientific discipline.
Keywords Science  Correspondence  Similarity  Physics  Information Retrieval
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Reprint years 2020
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DOI 10.1007/s10699-020-09685-x
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References found in this work BETA

The Scientific Image.William Demopoulos & Bas C. van Fraassen - 1982 - Philosophical Review 91 (4):603.
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Citations of this work BETA

Insights in How Computer Science Can Be a Science.Robert W. P. Luk - 2020 - Science and Philosophy 8 (2):17-46.

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