Synthese 194 (1):217-252 (2017)

Sebastian Lutz
Uppsala University
Carnap’s search for a criterion of empirical significance is usually considered a failure. I argue that the results from two out of his three different approaches are at the very least problematic, but that one approach led to success. Carnap’s criterion of translatability into logical syntax is too vague to allow for definite results. His criteria for terms—introducibility by chains of reduction sentences and his criterion from “The Methodological Character of Theoretical Concepts”—are almost trivial and have no clear relation to the empirical significance of sentences. However, his criteria for sentences—translatability, verifiability, falsifiability, confirmability—are usable, and under the assumptions needed for the Carnap sentence approach, verifiability, falsifiability, and translatability become equivalent. As a result of the Carnap sentence approach, metaphysics is rendered analytic.
Keywords Empirical significance  Carnap   Logical empiricism  Carnap sentence  Verifiability  Falsifiability
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DOI 10.1007/s11229-014-0561-8
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References found in this work BETA

Fact, Fiction, and Forecast.Nelson Goodman - 1955 - Harvard University Press.
Logical Foundations of Probability.Rudolf Carnap - 1950 - Chicago, IL, USA: Chicago University of Chicago Press.
Language, Truth and Logic.Alfred Jules Ayer - 1936 - London: V. Gollancz.

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Citations of this work BETA

Armchair Philosophy Naturalized.Sebastian Lutz - 2020 - Synthese 197 (3):1099-1125.
Verificationism and (Some of) its Discontents.Thomas Uebel - 2019 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 7 (4):1-31.
Vienna Circle.Thomas Uebel - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Relevance and Verification.Ben Blumson - 2021 - Philosophical Quarterly 71 (3):457-480.

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