Contemporary Scientific Realism: The Challenge from the History of Science

Oxford University Press (forthcoming)

Authors
Timothy D. Lyons
Indiana University Purdue University, Indianapolis
Peter Vickers
Durham University
Abstract
[In Press, Expected Publication, January 2021] Scientific realists claim we can justifiably believe that science is getting at the truth. But they have long faced historical challenges: various episodes across history appear to demonstrate that even strongly supported scientific theories can be overturned and left behind. In response, realists have developed new positions and arguments. As a result of specific challenges from the history of science, and realist responses, we find ourselves with an ever increasing data-set bearing on the (possible) relationship between science and truth. The present volume introduces new historical cases impacting the debate, and advances the discussion of cases that have only very recently been introduced. At the same time, shifts in philosophical positions affect the very kind of case study that is relevant. Thus the historical work must proceed hand in hand with philosophical analysis of the different positions and arguments in play. It is with this in mind that the volume is divided into two sections, entitled “Historical cases for the debate,” and “Contemporary scientific realism”. All sides agree that historical cases are informative with regard to how, or whether, science connects with truth. Defying proclamations as early as the 1980s announcing the death knell of the scientific realism debate, here is that rare thing: a philosophical debate making steady and definite progress. Moreover, the progress it is making concerns one of humanity’s most profound and important questions: the relationship between science and truth, or, put more boldly, the epistemic relation between humankind and the reality in which we find ourselves.
Keywords Scientific realism  Historical Argument against Scientific Realism  Pessemistic Meta-Induction  Pessimistic Meta-Modus Tollens  No-Miracles Argument  Novel Predictions  Selective Realism  Divide et Impera  Deployment Realism  Structural Realism  Scientific Anti-Realism
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