Journal of Philosophy 117 (2):61-95 (2020)
AbstractA major problem for interpersonal aggregation is how to compare utility across individuals; a major problem for decision-making under normative uncertainty is the formally analogous problem of how to compare choice-worthiness across theories. We introduce and study a class of methods, which we call statistical normalization methods, for making interpersonal comparisons of utility and intertheoretic comparisons of choice-worthiness. We argue against the statistical normalization methods that have been proposed in the literature. We argue, instead, in favor of normalization of variance: we claim that this is the account that most plausibly gives all individuals or theories ‘equal say’. To this end, we provide two proofs that variance normalization has desirable properties that all other normalization methods lack, though we also show how different assumptions could lead one to axiomatize alternative statistical normalization methods.
Similar books and articles
Simulation Theory and Interpersonal Utility Comparisons Reconsidered.Mauro Rossi - 2014 - Synthese 191 (6):1185-1210.
Are Interpersonal Comparisons of Utility Indeterminate?Christian List - 2003 - Erkenntnis 58 (2):229 - 260.
A Formalization Of Sambins's Normalization For Gl.Edward Hauesler & Luiz Carlos Pereira - 1993 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 39 (1):133-142.
A Formalization of Sambins's Normalization for GL.Edward Hermann Haeusler & Luiz Carlos Pereira - 1993 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 39 (1):133-142.
Interpersonal Comparisons of Utility for 2 of 3 Types of People.R. Duncan Luce - 2010 - Theory and Decision 68 (1-2):5-24.
Interpersonal Utility and Pragmatic Virtues.Mauro Rossi - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 22:107-115.
In Defence of My Favourite Theory.Johan E. Gustafsson & Olle Torpman - 2014 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 95 (2):159-174.
The Normalization of Deviant Organizational Practices: The Non-Performing Loans Problem in China. [REVIEW]Jiatao Li & Carmen K. Ng - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 114 (4):643-653.
A Normalization Procedure For The Equational Fragment Of Labelled Natural Deduction.A. de Oliveira & R. B. de Queiroz - 1999 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 7 (2):173-215.
Making Interpersonal Comparisons Coherently.Martin Barrett & Daniel Hausman - 1990 - Economics and Philosophy 6 (2):293.
The Affiliation of Methodology with Ontology in a Scientific Psychology.Matthew Spackman & Richard Williams - 2001 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 22 (4):389-406.
Program Extraction From Normalization Proofs.Ulrich Berger, Stefan Berghofer, Pierre Letouzey & Helmut Schwichtenberg - 2006 - Studia Logica 82 (1):25-49.
Intertheoretic Value Comparison: A Modest Proposal.Christian Tarsney - 2018 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 15 (3):324-344.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
Citations of this work
Second Thoughts About My Favourite Theory.Johan E. Gustafsson - 2022 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 103 (3):448-470.
Population Ethical Intuitions.Lucius Caviola, David Althaus, Andreas L. Mogensen & Geoffrey P. Goodwin - 2022 - Cognition 218 (C):104941.
Uncertain Values: An Axiomatic Approach to Axiological Uncertainty.Stefan Riedener - 2021 - Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter.
References found in this work
No references found.