Representation of morality in children: A qualitative approach

Journal of Moral Education 49 (2):194-208 (2020)

Abstract
ABSTRACTPrevious research on children’s moral reasoning usually used a quantitative approach and a pre-determined set of methods in order to establish early moral landmarks. We proposed a qualitative perspective on the basis of which we have formulated three main objectives: 1) to identify the main categories of behaviors that children spontaneously associate with the notion of morality, in line with Turiel’s Domain Theory; 2) to investigate children’s conceptions of moral and social-conventional rules and 3) to assess the gender differences in the use of care and justice reasoning, in line with Gilligan’s assertion that females are care-oriented and that males consistently use the justice orientation and infrequently use the care orientation. Ninety-two children were required to describe morality in behavioral terms without being guided by specific indications from the researchers. Our results reflected a tendency towards morality perceived through behaviors directed towards others, namely through altruism, and also the domination of moral norms as compared to social ones, partially confirming Gilligan’s theory concerning gender specificities regarding moral reasoning in the questions of care and justice.
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DOI 10.1080/03057240.2019.1619542
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References found in this work BETA

The Moral Judgement of the Child.Jean Piaget - 1933 - Philosophy 8 (31):373-374.
The Development of Social Knowledge. Morality and Convention.S. J. Eggleston & Elliot Turiel - 1985 - British Journal of Educational Studies 33 (2):186.
The Moral Judgment of the Child.Jean Piaget - 1934 - Mind 43 (169):85-99.

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