Australasian Journal of Philosophy 84 (2):301 – 308 (2006)

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Abstract
Provocatively, David Armstrong's properties are supposed to be both universals and spatio-temporal. What does this amount to? I consider four of Armstrong's views, in order of ascending plausibility: (1) the exemplification account, on which universals are exemplified by space-times; (2) the location account, on which universals are located at space-times; (3) the first constituent account, on which spatio-temporal relations are elements of what I call the form of time; and, the true view, (4) the second constituent account, on which universals are spatio-temporal only 'derivatively' by being constituents of states of affairs which are so 'primarily'. The first two accounts are rejected because they entail that space-times must be substantival. In making plausible the second constituent account, I distinguish primitive and derivative spatio-temporality. Something is primitively spatio-temporal when it is at a space-time, or stands in spatio-temporal relations. Something is derivatively spatio-temporal when it is a constituent of something primitively spatio-temporal.
Keywords Universals  Space-Time  States of Affairs
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DOI 10.1080/00048400600759209
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References found in this work BETA

A World of States of Affairs.D. Armstrong - 1993 - Philosophical Perspectives 7:429-440.
Time and Space.Barry Dainton - 2001 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

Location and Mereology.Cody Gilmore - 2013 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Tropes as Divine Acts: The Nature of Creaturely Properties in a World Sustained by God.Robert K. Garcia - 2015 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (3):105--130.
The ‘Space’ at the Intersection of Platonism and Nominalism.Edward Slowik - 2015 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (2):393-408.
Esistenza e Persistenza.Damiano Costa - 2018 - Milan, IT: Mimesis.

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