John Stuart Mill on Taxonomy and Natural Kinds

Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 5 (2):269-280 (2015)
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Abstract

The accepted narrative treats John Stuart Mill’s Kinds as the historical prototype for our natural kinds, but Mill actually employs two separate notions: Kinds and natural groups. Considering these, along with the accounts of Mill’s nineteenth-century interlocutors, forces us to recognize two distinct questions. First, what marks a natural kind as worthy of inclusion in taxonomy? Second, what exists in the world that makes a category meet that criterion? Mill’s two notions offer separate answers to the two questions: natural groups for taxonomy and Kinds for ontology. This distinction is ignored in many contemporary debates about natural kinds and is obscured by the standard narrative that treats our natural kinds just as a development of Mill’s Kinds.

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P. D. Magnus
State University of New York, Albany

Citations of this work

Taxonomy, ontology, and natural kinds.P. Magnus - 2018 - Synthese 195 (4):1427-1439.
Whewell on classification and consilience.Aleta Quinn - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 1 (64):65-74.
“I would sooner die than give up”: Huxley and Darwin's deep disagreement.Mary P. Winsor - 2021 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 43 (2):1-36.
John Stuart mill.Fred Wilson - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

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