PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:273 - 285 (1988)
A widely endorsed thesis in the philosophy of science holds that if evidence for a hypothesis was not known when the hypothesis was proposed, then that evidence confirms the hypothesis more strongly than would otherwise be the case. The thesis has been thought to be inconsistent with Bayesian confirmation theory, but the arguments offered for that view are fallacious. This paper shows how the special value of prediction can in fact be given Bayesian explanation. The explanation involves consideration of the reliability of the method by which the hypothesis was discovered, and thus reveals an intimate connection between the 'logic of discovery' and confirmation theory.
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Prediction and Accommodation Revisited.John Worrall - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 45:54-61.
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