Hts Theological Studies 76 (4):1-8 (2020)

Abstract
The central themes of Jesus’ preaching, the kingdom and household of God, are root metaphors expressing the symbolic universe of God’s patronage subverting patronage and patriarchy structuring contemporary Mediterranean society, thus legitimising an anti-hierarchical community of faith. This dominant focus of Jesus’ message was discarded, as society’s prevalent patronage and patriarchy became the societal structure of the later faith communities. Today, patronage and patriarchy still forms the social structure for a large sector of Christian communities and many cultures, resulting in inequality, injustice, exploitation and suffering. This article proposes that the only remedy for the faithful is a return to Jesus’ essential message, by investigating the social dynamics suggested by these root metaphors using metaphor theory and social scientific methods. Patronage is studied within contemporary Roman and Mediterranean aristocratic patriarchal society, forming an a-typical broad-based needle-like power pyramid with multiple similarly structured power pyramids within, based on a morality of indebtedness, honour and power. Jesus accepted God as his father and declared the advent of God’s patronage as king and father of the faithful. Within the kingdom and household of God, there was no hierarchy, except for the primate of the first born son, whom Jesus symbolises as broker for God’s patronage to all his followers. Within the faith communities there should be no hierarchy or any form of clientage other than God’s patronage. Rather, the faithful are equal and should serve each other and their communities with compassion, responsibility and justice.Contribution: The contribution of this research is its focus on similarity and dissimilarity of these patronage metaphors and their application to subvert the power dynamics of patronage and patriarchy within the community of the faithful, in order to proffer God’s patronage of a society of caring, selfless equals today. This research falls within the scope of HTS Theological studies, as it is a multi-disciplinary study of key biblical metaphors investigated with accepted methodology resulting in valid conclusions which are ethically sound.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
DOI 10.4102/hts.v76i4.5989
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 60,920
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Inklusiwiteit as Evangelie.Ernest Van Eck - 2009 - Hts Theological Studies 65 (1).

View all 9 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

The Equals, the Equals Themselves, Equality, and the Equals Itself.Francesco Ademollo - 2007 - Documenti E Studi Sulla Tradizione Filosofica Medievale 18:1-20.
Was Leviathan a Patronage Artifact?L. T. Sarasohn - 2000 - History of Political Thought 21 (4):606-631.
Compassionate Utilitarianism: The Unknown Bentham Revealed.Amnon Goldworth - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (2):191-196.
Making a Home for All in God's Compassionate Community.Laura A. Stivers - 2008 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 28 (2):51-74.
The Basis of Equality.Geoffrey Cupit - 2000 - Philosophy 75 (1):105-125.
The Kingdom of God: Utopian or Existential?Gert J. Malan - 2014 - Hts Theological Studies 70 (3):01-09.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2020-07-15

Total views
2 ( #1,391,693 of 2,439,135 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #434,168 of 2,439,135 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes