Handbook of Global Bioethics (2014)

Authors
Herjeet Marway
University of Birmingham
Heather Widdows
University of Birmingham
Abstract
Commodification is a broad and crosscutting issue that spans debates in ethics (from prostitution to global market practices) and bioethics (from the sale of body parts to genetic enhancement). There has been disagreement, however, over what constitutes commodification, whether it is happening, and whether it is of ethical import. This chapter focuses on one area of the discussion in bioethics – the commodification of human tissue – and addresses these questions – about the characteristics of commodification, its pervasiveness, and ethical significance – in order to clarify and map the commodificatory debate. The chapter does this in three parts. First, it defines commodification as the shift from “persons” to “things” and from “relationships” to services for “contract.” Second, using examples of kidney and gamete sale and commercial surrogacy, it argues that commodification is rife in bioethics. Third, it contends that commodification is an ethical problem for three key reasons: First, because it leads to exploitation; second, because some things should not be for sale; and third, because it damages social goods. The chapter concludes that commodification and commodificatory practices should be resisted.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Upload history
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Liberalism and the Limits of Justice.Michael Sandel - 2003 - In Derek Matravers & Jonathan E. Pike (eds.), Journal of Philosophy. Routledge, in Association with the Open University. pp. 336-343.
Sources of the Self: The Making of Modern Identity.Charles Taylor - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (1):187-190.
The Sexual Contract.Carole Pateman - 1990 - Ethics 100 (3):658-669.

View all 18 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

The Commodification of Human Reproductive Materials.D. B. Resnik - 1998 - Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (6):388-393.
6. Commodification and de-Commodification.Trudie Knijn & Ilona Ostner - 2002 - In Barbara Hobson, Jane Lewis & Birte Siim (eds.), Contested Concepts in Gender and Social Politics. E. Elgar. pp. 141.
Biotechnology and Commodification Within Health Care.Mark J. Hanson - 1999 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (3):267 – 287.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2014-01-24

Total views
1,416 ( #1,972 of 2,330,877 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
134 ( #3,326 of 2,330,877 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes