Leszek Wroński
Jagiellonian University
We give a few results concerning the notions of causal completability and causal closedness of classical probability spaces . We prove that any classical probability space has a causally closed extension; any finite classical probability space with positive rational probabilities on the atoms of the event algebra can be extended to a causally up-to-three-closed finite space; and any classical probability space can be extended to a space in which all correlations between events that are logically independent modulo measure zero event have a countably infinite common-cause system. Collectively, these results show that it is surprisingly easy to find Reichenbach-style ‘explanations' for correlations, underlining doubts as to whether this approach can yield a philosophically relevant account of causality. 1 Introduction2 Basic Definitions and Results in the Literature3 Causal Completability the Easy Way: ‘Splitting the Atom’4 Causal Completability of Classical Probability Spaces: The General Case5 Infinite Statistical Common-Cause Systems for Arbitrary Pairs6 ConclusionAppendix A
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DOI 10.1093/bjps/axt030
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References found in this work BETA

The Direction of Time.Hans Reichenbach - 1956 - Dover Publications.
Causality.Judea Pearl - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
Venetian Sea Levels, British Bread Prices, and the Principle of the Common Cause.Elliott Sober - 2001 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52 (2):331-346.
The Direction of Time.Milic Capek - 1959 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 19 (3):402-405.

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Citations of this work BETA

Characterizing Common Cause Closedness of Quantum Probability Theories.Yuichiro Kitajima & Miklós Rédei - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 52 (B):234-241.

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