European and American Philosophers

In Robert L. Arrington (ed.), A Companion to the Philosophers. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 109–557 (2017)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Peter Abelard (1079–1142 ce) was the most wide‐ranging philosopher of the twelfth century. He quickly established himself as a leading teacher of logic in and near Paris shortly after 1100. After his affair with Heloise, and his subsequent castration, Abelard became a monk, but he returned to teaching in the Paris schools until 1140, when his work was condemned by a Church Council at Sens. His logical writings were based around discussion of the “Old Logic”: Porphyry's Isagoge, aristotle'S Categories and On Interpretation and boethius'S textbook on topical inference. They comprise a freestanding Dialectica (“Logic”; probably c.1116), a set of commentaries (known as the Logica [Ingredientibus], c. 1119) and a later (c. 1125) commentary on the Isagoge (Logica Nostrorum Petititoni Sociorum or Glossulae). In a work Abelard called his Theologia, issued in three main versions (between 1120 and c.1134), he attempted a logical analysis of trinitarian relations and explored the philosophical problems surrounding God's claims to omnipotence and omniscience. The Collationes (“Debates,” also known as “Dialogue between a Christian, a Philosopher and a Jew”; probably c.1130) present a rational investigation into the nature of the highest good, in which the Christian and the Philosopher (who seems to be modeled on a philosopher of pagan antiquity) are remarkably in agreement. The unfinished Scito teipsum (“Know thyself,” also known as the “Ethics”; c.1138) analyses moral action.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 86,605

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

The 100 most influential philosophers of all time.Brian Duignan (ed.) - 2010 - New York, NY: Britannica Educational Pub. in association with Rosen Educational Services.
Ethics and the search for values.Luis E. Navia & Eugene Kelly (eds.) - 1980 - Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books.
The story of philosophy.Will Durant - 1926 - New York,: Washington Square Press.
Brentano and Comte.Dieter Münch - 1989 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 36:33-54.
Witnessing philosophers.Amélie Rorty - 1998 - Philosophy and Literature 22 (2):309-327.


Added to PP

1 (#1,716,291)

6 months
1 (#874,758)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Simon Evnine
University of Miami
Hans-Johann Glock
University of Zürich
Paul Hoyningen-Huene
Universität Hannover
24 more

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references