essence in Kripke and Aristotle: Essence as Classification or Essence as Explanation?

Acta Philosophica 25 (1):31-44 (2016)
Authors
Christopher Martin
Florida Atlantic University
Abstract
The classificatory Kripkean notion of essence is narrowed down until it matches an explanatory Aristotelian notion of essence. The difference between classificatory and explanatory notions of essence is clarified, and each step of the narrowing process is justified on grounds related to the philosophy of science.
Keywords Kripke, Aristotle, essence, explanation, classification
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