Experts in science: a view from the trenches

Synthese 191 (1):3-15 (2014)
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In this paper I analyze four so-called “principles of expertise”; that is, good epistemic practices that are normatively motivated by the epistemological literature on expert judgment. I highlight some of the problems that the four principles of expertise run into, when we try to implement them in concrete contexts of application (e.g. in science committees). I suggest some possible alternatives and adjustments to the principles, arguing in general that the epistemology of expertise should be informed both by case studies and by the literature on the use of experts in science practice



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Carlo Martini
University Vita-Salute San Raffaele

References found in this work

Personal knowledge.Michael Polanyi - 1958 - Chicago,: University of Chicago Press.
Personal Knowledge: Towards a Post-Critical Philosophy.Michael Polanyi - 1958 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Edited by Mary Jo Nye.
Rethinking Expertise.Harry Collins & Robert Evans - 2007 - University of Chicago Press.
Experts: Which ones should you trust?Alvin I. Goldman - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (1):85-110.

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