Synthese 191 (1):3-15 (2014)

Carlo Martini
Tilburg University
In this paper I analyze four so-called “principles of expertise”; that is, good epistemic practices that are normatively motivated by the epistemological literature on expert judgment. I highlight some of the problems that the four principles of expertise run into, when we try to implement them in concrete contexts of application (e.g. in science committees). I suggest some possible alternatives and adjustments to the principles, arguing in general that the epistemology of expertise should be informed both by case studies and by the literature on the use of experts in science practice
Keywords Epistemology of expertise  Experts  Principles of expertise   Social epistemology  Science practice
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s11229-013-0321-1
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 64,159
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Personal Knowledge.Michael Polanyi - 1958 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Rethinking Expertise.H. M. Collins & Robert Evans - 2007 - University of Chicago Press.
Experts: Which Ones Should You Trust?Alvin I. Goldman - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (1):85-110.

View all 15 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

The Epistemic Value of Expert Autonomy.Finnur Dellsén - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research (2):344-361.
Expertise and Institutional Design in Economic Committees.Carlo Martini - 2015 - Journal of Economic Methodology 22 (3):391-409.

View all 9 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

What is an Expert?Bruce D. Weinstein - 1993 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (1).
The Possibility of Ethical Expertise.Bruce D. Weinstein - 1994 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (1):1-187.
Linguistic Competence and Expertise.Mark Addis - 2013 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (2):327-336.
Epistemological Expertise and the Problem of Epistemic Assessment.James Mcbain - 2007 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 14 (1):125-133.
Xunzi on Moral Expertise.Justin Tiwald - 2012 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 11 (3):275-293.


Added to PP index

Total views
113 ( #96,238 of 2,454,833 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
7 ( #98,232 of 2,454,833 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes