Mike Martin
University College London
Positive psychologists aspire to study the moral virtues, as well as positive emotions, while retaining scientific objectivity. Within this framework, Martin Seligman, a founder of positive psychology, offers an empirically-based argument for an ancient and venerable theme: happiness can be increased by exercising the virtues. Seligman's project is promising, but it needs to pay greater attention to several methodological matters: greater care in defining happiness, so as to avoid smuggling in value assumptions of the sort suggested by the title of his book, Authentic Happiness; more attention to the gap between happiness as overall satisfaction and specific gratifications ; the danger of sliding to subjectivism by equating self-assessments of virtue with objectively-justified values of the sort Aristotle had in mind; awareness of how “positive” emotions and attitudes presuppose value assumptions
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DOI 10.1111/j.1468-5914.2007.00322.x
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On Virtue Ethics.Rosalind Hursthouse - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
The Ethics of Authenticity.Charles Taylor - 1992 - Harvard University Press.
Republic. Plato - 1970 - Princeton: Hackett Publishing.

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Constancy and Integrity: (Un)Measurable Virtues?Angus Robson - 2015 - Business Ethics: A European Review 24 (S2):S115-S129.

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