John Searle and Pierre Bourdieu: Divergent perspectives on intentionality and social ontology [Book Review]

Human Studies 26 (1):67-96 (2003)

Abstract
Despite Searle''s claim of theoretical proximity between his concept of the Background and Bourdieu''s concept of the habitus, there is at least one substantial difference in the respective ways in which these concepts have been elaborated: the Background is conceived as a nonintentional neurophysiological reality whereas the habitus is fully intentional, or rather constitutes a nonrepresentational level of intentionality completely overlooked from Searle''s standpoint. Moreover, each concept implicates a distinct perspective on social reality: the former suggests that significance is superimposed yet essentially external to this reality; the latter indicates that significance is immanent. I elaborate on the comparison between the two concepts/perspectives from different angles in order to highlight the existing differences as well as explore possible underlying affinities, which depend upon reconsidering the conventional understanding of intentionality as an exclusive attribute of mental phenomena. I show that Searle''s analysis of the Background is inundated with indications of the undeniably intentional character of something he attempts to define as a nonintentional reality. Finally, I discuss the connection between the immanence of significance in Bourdieu''s account of social reality and the conflict-centered orientation of this account. This dimension is noticeably absent from Searle''s theorizing of the social.
Keywords Philosophy   Philosophy   Modern Philosophy   Philosophy of the Social Sciences   Political Philosophy   Sociolinguistics
Categories (categorize this paper)
Reprint years 2004
DOI 10.1023/A:1022579615814
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 40,796
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

We Have Never Been Modern.Bruno Latour - 1993 - Harvard University Press.
Outline of a Theory of Practice.Pierre Bourdieu - 1981 - Human Studies 4 (3):273-278.

View all 19 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

The Secret Life of Things: Rethinking Social Ontology.Iordanis Marcoulatos - 2003 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 33 (3):245–278.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total views
56 ( #138,923 of 2,244,032 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #812,133 of 2,244,032 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature