Carlo Martini
Tilburg University
Manuela Fernández Pinto
University of the Andes
At least since Kuhn’s Structure, philosophers have studied the influence of social factors in science’s pursuit of truth and knowledge. More recently, formal models and computer simulations have allowed philosophers of science and social epistemologists to dig deeper into the detailed dynamics of scientific research and experimentation, and to develop very seemingly realistic models of the social organization of science. These models purport to be predictive of the optimal allocations of factors, such as diversity of methods used in science, size of groups, and communication channels among researchers. In this paper we argue that the current research faces an empirical challenge. The challenge is to connect simulation models with data. We present possible scenarios about how the challenge may unfold.
Keywords Social organization of science  Simulation models  Computer simulations  Empiricism  Social epistemology of science
Categories (categorize this paper)
Reprint years 2017
DOI 10.1007/s13194-016-0153-1
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 71,316
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Essays in Positive Economics.Milton Friedman - 1953 - University of Chicago Press.
Science in the Age of Computer Simulation.Eric Winsberg - 2010 - University of Chicago Press.
The Division of Cognitive Labor.Philip Kitcher - 1990 - Journal of Philosophy 87 (1):5-22.

View all 33 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Robustness and Idealizations in Agent-Based Models of Scientific Interaction.Daniel Frey & Dunja Šešelja - 2020 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 71 (4):1411-1437.
Evaluating Formal Models of Science.Michael Thicke - 2020 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 51 (2):315-335.

View all 12 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Experiencing Life Through Modeling.Mary S. Morgan - 2013 - Perspectives on Science 21 (2):245-249.
Agent-Based Modeling and the Fallacies of Individualism.Brian Epstein - 2011 - In Paul Humphreys & Cyrille Imbert (eds.), Models, Simulations, and Representations. Routledge. pp. 115444.
An Economist's Glance at Goldman's Economics.Esther-Mirjam Sent - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (4):148.
Justifying Feminist Social Science.Linda Alcoff - 1987 - Hypatia 2 (3):107 - 127.


Added to PP index

Total views
44 ( #259,200 of 2,519,512 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #271,332 of 2,519,512 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes