Synthese 174 (2):205 - 223 (2010)

Marije Martijn
VU University Amsterdam
In this paper I show that Proclus is an adherent of the Classical Model of Science as set out elsewhere in this issue (de Jong and Betti 2008), and that he adjusts certain conditions of the Model to his Neoplatonic epistemology and metaphysics. In order to show this, I develop a case study concerning philosophy of nature, which, despite its unstable subject matter, Proclus considers to be a science. To give this science a firm foundation Proclus distills from Plato’s Timaeus the basic concepts Being and Becoming and a number of basic propositions, among others the quasi-definitions of the basic concepts. He subsequently explains the use of these quasi-definitions, that are actually epistemic guides, in such a way that he obtains a connection between a rational and an empirical approach to the natural world. A crucial task in establishing the connection is performed by the faculty of doxa and by geometrical conversion. The result is that Proclus secures a universal, necessary and known foundation for all of philosophy of nature.
Keywords Proclus  Philosophy of nature  Science
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DOI 10.1007/s11229-008-9418-3
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References found in this work BETA

Aristotle and Other Platonists.Lloyd P. Gerson - 2005 - Cornell University Press.
The Anatomy of Neoplatonism.A. C. Lloyd - 1990 - Oxford University Press.
Plato's Cosmology.D. T. & F. M. Cornford - 1937 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 57 (1):276.

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Citations of this work BETA

Colloquium 3: Why Beauty is Truth in All We Know: Aesthetics and Mimesis in Neoplatonic Science1.Marije Martijn - 2010 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 25 (1):69-108.

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