Really expressive presuppositions and how to block them

Grazer Philosophische Studien 97:DOI 10.1163/18756735-09701008 (2020)

Authors
Teresa Marques
Universitat de Barcelona
Manuel García-Carpintero
Universitat de Barcelona
Abstract
Kaplan (1999) argued that a different dimension of expressive meaning (“use-conditional”, as opposed to truth-conditional) is required to characterize the meaning of pejoratives, including slurs and racial epithets. Elaborating on this, writers have argued that the expressive meaning of pejoratives and slurs is either a conventional implicature (Potts 2007) or a presupposition (Macià 2002 and 2014, Schlenker 2007, Cepollaro and Stojanovic 2016). We argue that an expressive presuppositional theory accounts well for the data, but that expressive presuppositions are not just propositions to be added to a common ground. We hold that expressives, including pejoratives and slurs, make requirements on a contextual record governed by sui generis norms specific to affective attitudes and their expressions
Keywords pejoratives  slurs  expressive meaning  presuppositions
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