Journal of the History of Philosophy 55 (2):293-316 (2017)

Authors
Colin Marshall
University of Washington
Abstract
I argue that Schopenhauer’s views on the foundations of morality challenge the widely-held belief that moral realism requires cognitivism about moral judgments. Schopenhauer’s core metaethical view consists of two claims: that moral worth is attributed to actions based in compassion, and that compassion, in contrast to egoism, arises from deep metaphysical insight into the non-distinctness of beings. These claims, I argue, are sufficient for moral realism, but are compatible with either cognitivism or non-cognitivism. While Schopenhauer’s views of moral judgment are not obviously consistent, I show how various passages suggest a form of non-cognitivism. This non-cognitivism, I claim, is compatible with moral realism.
Keywords Schopenhauer  Moral Realism  Non-Cognitivism  Compassion  Empathy
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DOI 10.1353/hph.2017.0030
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References found in this work BETA

Moral Realism.Peter Railton - 1986 - Philosophical Review 95 (2):163-207.
Meta‐Ethics and the Problem of Creeping Minimalism.James Dreier - 2004 - Philosophical Perspectives 18 (1):23–44.
Moral Anti-Realism.Richard Joyce - 2015 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Moral Anti-Realism.Richard Joyce - 2016 - In Edward N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University.
Realist-Expressivism and Conventional Implicature.David Copp - 2009 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 4:167-202.

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