Friedrich Schleiermacher and Rudolf Otto

In John Corrigan (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Emotion. Oxford University Press (2008)

Authors
Jacqueline Mariña
Purdue University
Abstract
Two names often grouped together in the study of religion are Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768–1884) and Rudolf Otto (1869–1937). Central to their understanding of religion is the idea that religious experience, characterized in terms of feeling, lies at the heart of all genuine religion. In his book On Religion, Schleiermacher speaks of religion as a “sense and taste for the Infinite.” In The Christian Faith, Schleiermacher grounds religion in the immediate self-consciousness and the “feeling of absolute dependence.” Influenced by Schleiermacher, Otto also grounds religion in an original experience of what he calls “the numinous,” which can only be grasped through states of feeling. This article discusses the views of Otto and Schleiermacher on religion as feeling. It examines how both men conceived of feeling, the reasons they believed religion had to be understood in its terms, and the common threads linking their perspectives. It also considers Schleiermacher's interpretation of religious feeling as transcendental experience.
Keywords Rudolph Otto  Friedrich Schleiermacher  Feeling  The holy: rational and irrational aspects  Religion  Absolute Dependence  religious experience  the soul  numinous
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