Mind and Society 6 (1):41-52 (2007)

Abstract
The disjunction effect (Tversky and Shafir in Psychol Sci 3:305–309, 1992) occurs when decision makers prefer option x (versus y) when knowing that event A occurs and also when knowing that event A does not occur, but they refuse x (or prefer y) when not knowing whether or not A occurs. This form of incoherence violates Savage’s (Cognition 57:31–95, 1954) sure-thing principle, one of the basic axioms of the rational theory of decision-making. The phenomenon was attributed to a lack of clear reasons for accepting an option (x) when the subjects are under uncertainty. Through a pragmatic analysis of the task and a consequent reformulation of it, we show that the effect does not depend on the presence of uncertainty, but on the introduction into the text-problem of a non-relevant goal
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s11299-006-0024-0
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 65,740
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Foundations of Statistics.Leonard J. Savage - 1954 - Wiley Publications in Statistics.
Reason-Based Choice.E. Shafir - 1993 - Cognition 49 (1-2):11-36.

View all 10 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Procrastination and Personal Identity.Christine Tappolet - 2010 - In Andreou Chrisoula & Marck D. White (eds.), The Thief of Time. Philosophical Essays on Procrastination. Oxford University Press. pp. 115-29.
Disjunction and Alternativeness.Mandy Simons - 2001 - Linguistics and Philosophy 24 (5):597-619.
Understanding Procrastination.Chrisoula Andreou - 2007 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 37 (2):183–193.
What Lies Beneath: Reframing Framing Effects.John Maule & Gaëlle Villejoubert - 2007 - Thinking and Reasoning 13 (1):25 – 44.
Decision Making Under Great Uncertainty.Sven Ove Hansson - 1996 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 26 (3):369-386.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2010-08-10

Total views
12 ( #793,858 of 2,462,895 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #449,363 of 2,462,895 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes