Epicureans, Earlier Atomists, and Cyrenaics

In Kelly Arenson (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Hellenistic Philosophy. New York, Stati Uniti: pp. 58-70 (2020)

Stefano Maso
CA' Foscari - Unversity Of Venice
The theory developed by Leucippus (5th cent. BCE), Democritus (470/460-380 BCE), and later Epicurus (341-271/270 BCE) and his school is commonly defined as atomistic materialism. According to this theory, matter is the fundamental principle of existent and ever-evolving reality, and it is constituted of atoms. But whereas for the first atomists atoms were not so much a substance (ousia) as an ideal form (idea) through which they could explain sensible bodies and their movement, with Epicurus atoms effectively turned into a substance. From a mathematical theory we come to a physical conception.
Keywords Epicurus  atomists
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