Illusory inferences with quantifiers

Thinking and Reasoning 23 (1):33-48 (2017)
  Copy   BIBTEX


The psychological study of reasoning with quantifiers has predominantly focused on inference patterns studied by Aristotle about two millennia ago. Modern logic has shown a wealth of inference patterns involving quantifiers that are far beyond the expressive power of Aristotelian syllogisms, and whose psychology should be explored. We bring to light a novel class of fallacious inference patterns, some of which are so attractive that they are tantamount to cognitive illusions. In tandem with recent insights from linguistics that quantifiers like “some” are treated as wh-questions, these illusory inferences are predicted by the erotetic theory of reasoning, which postulates that a process akin to question asking and answering is behind human inference making.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 74,389

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

How Falsity Dispels Fallacies.Mary R. Newsome & P. N. Johnson-Laird - 2006 - Thinking and Reasoning 12 (2):214 – 234.
Reasoning with Quantifiers.Bart Geurts - 2003 - Cognition 86 (3):223--251.
An Antidote to Illusory Inferences.Carlos Santamaria & P. N. Johnson-Laird - 2000 - Thinking and Reasoning 6 (4):313 – 333.
On Mental Probability Logic.Niki Pfeifer - 2006 - Dissertation, Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg
On Second-Order Generalized Quantifiers and Finite Structures.Anders Andersson - 2002 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 115 (1--3):1--32.
Self-Commuting Quantifiers.Dag Westerståhl - 1996 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (1):212-224.
Chains of Inferences and the New Paradigm in the Psychology of Reasoning.Ulf Hlobil - 2016 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 7 (1):1-16.
A Note on the Monotonicity of Reducible Quantifiers.R. Zuber - 2010 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 19 (1):123-128.


Added to PP

49 (#237,072)

6 months
5 (#143,702)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Salvador Mascarenhas
Institut Jean Nicod