Lawrence Masek
Ohio Dominican University
The author uses the principle that the distinction between intended effects and foreseen side effects is morally significant to distinguish contraception from natural family planning (NFP). After summarizing the contralife argument against contraception, the author identifies limitations of arguments presented by Pope John Paul II and by Martin Rhonheimer. To show that the contralife argument does not apply to NFP, the author argues that agents do not intend every effect that motivates their actions. This argument supplements the action theory of Germain Grisez, Joseph Boyle, John Finnis, and other proponents of new natural law theory.
Keywords double effect  contralife  intention  contraception  natural law theory
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