Logic and Episteme 2 (3):359-373 (2011)
The Uniqueness Thesis, or rational uniqueness, claims that a body of evidence severely constrains one’s doxastic options. In particular, it claims that for any body of evidence E and proposition P, E justifies at most one doxastic attitude toward P. In this paper I defend this formulation of the uniqueness thesis and examine the case for its truth. I begin by clarifying my formulation of the Uniqueness Thesis and examining its close relationship to evidentialism. I proceed to give some motivation for this strong epistemic claim and to defend it from several recent objections in the literature. In particular I look at objections to the Uniqueness Thesis coming from considerations of rational disagreement (can’t reasonable people disagree?), the breadth of doxastic attitudes(can’t what is justified by the evidence encompass more than one doxastic attitude?), borderline cases and caution (can’t it be rational to be cautious and suspend judgment even when the evidence slightly supports belief?), vagueness (doesn’t the vagueness of justification spell trouble for the Uniqueness Thesis?), and degrees of belief (doesn’t a finegrained doxastic picture present additional problems for the Uniqueness Thesis?).
|Keywords||Epistemology Uniqueness Disagreement agnosticism|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
The Uniqueness Thesis.Matthew Kopec & Michael G. Titelbaum - 2016 - Philosophy Compass 11 (4):189-200.
Similar books and articles
Uniqueness, Evidence, and Rationality.Nathan Ballantyne & E. J. Coffman - 2011 - Philosophers' Imprint 11 (18).
Conciliationism and Uniqueness.Nathan Ballantyne & E. J. Coffman - 2012 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (4):657-670.
Why Responsible Belief Is Permissible Belief.Rik Peels & Anthony Robert Booth - 2014 - Analytic Philosophy 55 (1):75-88.
Unique Events: The Underdetermination of Explanation. [REVIEW]Aviezer Tucker - 1998 - Erkenntnis 48 (1):61-83.
Uniqueness of Simultaneity.Domenico Giulini - 2001 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52 (4):651-670.
Embedding and Uniqueness in Relationist Theories.Brent Mundy - 1991 - Philosophy of Science 58 (1):102-124.
Uniqueness of Embeddings and Space-Time Relationalism.Philip Catton & Graham Solomon - 1988 - Philosophy of Science 55 (2):280-291.
Higher-Order Epistemic Attitudes and Intellectual Humility.Allan Hazlett - 2012 - Episteme 9 (3):205-223.
Conciliatory Views of Disagreement and Higher-Order Evidence.Jonathan Matheson - 2009 - Episteme: A Journal of Social Epistemology 6 (3):269-279.
Added to index2011-10-13
Total downloads152 ( #30,281 of 2,158,132 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #38,224 of 2,158,132 )
How can I increase my downloads?