PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:119-129 (1976)
By using case studies from the history of science as evidence for its claims, the philosophy of science can develop a more productive relation to its subject matter, the history of science. As might be expected, many problems involving the relation between theory and evidence in science reappear here as methodological problems about the relation between the philosophy of science and the history of science. For example, the most important of these difficulties involves the "contamination" of historical evidence by philosophical theories. The difficulty may be resolved as follows: the history of science is "theory-laden", but not necessarily with the solutions to the problems it poses for philosophers. As a result, case studies can be used to test our explanatory theories about science as long as those case studies have not yet been reconstructed by the theory they are meant to test. Furthermore, once an explanatory theory has been " well -supported", we can, using that theory, go on to reconstruct case studies. Such a theory would thereby take on the force of a normative claim about science, bypassing what has been viewed as a fundamental disjunction between the descriptive and normative function of theory. From this point of view, insistence on a single criterion of demarcation as a "ground" for philosophical claims is misguided, since it prejudges a still -open question--is science homogeneous?--that can only be answered by further investigation of science
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Learning From the Past: Reflections on the Role of History in the Philosophy of Science.Daniel Garber - 1986 - Synthese 67 (1):91 - 114.
Similar books and articles
Evidence: Philosophy of Science Meets Medicine.John Worrall - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2):356-362.
How to Test Normative Theories of Science.David Baumslag - 2000 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 31 (2):267-275.
Shifting Frames: From Divided to Distributed Psychologies of Scientific Agents.Peter J. Taylor - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:304-310.
Towards a Female-Friendly Philosophy of Science.Janet A. Kourany - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:320-332.
The CDF Collaboration and Argumentation Theory: The Role of Process in Objective Knowledge.William Rehg & Kent W. Staley - 2008 - Perspectives on Science 16 (1):1-25.
Is the History of Science Relevant to the Philosophy of Science?Marga Vicedo - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:490 - 496.
"Inquiry, Evidence, and Experiment: The "Experimenter's Regress" Dissolved.Matthew J. Brown - manuscript
Two Sides of Wonder: Philosophical Keys to the Motivation of Science Learning.M. P. Silverman - 1989 - Synthese 80 (1):43-61.
Theory-Ladenness of Observations as a Test Case of Kuhn's Approach to Scientific Inquiry.Jaakko Hintikka - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:277-286.
The Relevance of History to Philosophy of Science.Robert G. Hudson - 2006 - Theoria 21 (2):197-212.
A Pragmatic Approach to the Demarcation Problem.B. D. - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 31 (2):249-267.
A Multi-Relation Approach of General Systems and Tests of Applications.Yi Lin - 1989 - Synthese 79 (3):473-488.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads6 ( #555,654 of 2,164,584 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #347,948 of 2,164,584 )
How can I increase my downloads?