BMC Medical Ethics 10 (1):7- (2009)

Authors
Henry Silverman
University of Maryland at Baltimore
Abstract
BackgroundStudies have shown that research participants fail to appreciate the difference between research and medical care, labeling such phenomenon as a "therapeutic misconception" (TM). Since research activity involving human participants is increasing in the Middle East, qualitative research investigating aspects of TM is warranted. Our objective was to assess for the existence of therapeutic misconception amongst Egyptians.MethodsStudy Tool: We developed a semi-structured interview guide to elicit the knowledge, attitudes, and perspectives of Egyptians regarding medical research.Setting: We recruited individuals from the outpatient settings (public and private) at Ain Shams University in Cairo, Egypt.Analysis: Interviews were taped, transcribed, and translated. We analyzed the content of the transcribed text to identify the presence of a TM, defined in one of two ways: TM1 = inaccurate beliefs about how individualized care can be compromised by the procedures in the research and TM2 = inaccurate appraisal of benefit obtained from the research study.ResultsOur findings showed that a majority of participants (11/15) expressed inaccurate beliefs regarding the degree with which individualized care will be maintained in the research setting (TM1) and a smaller number of participants (5/15) manifested an unreasonable belief in the likelihood of benefits to be obtained from a research study (TM2). A total of 12 of the 15 participants were judged to have expressed a TM on either one of these bases.ConclusionThe presence of TM is not uncommon amongst Egyptian individuals. We recommend further qualitative studies investigating aspects of TM involving a larger sample size distinguished by different types of illnesses and socio-economic variables, as well as those who have and have not participated in clinical research
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DOI 10.1186/1472-6939-10-7
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References found in this work BETA

Phase I Cancer Trials: A Collusion of Misunderstanding.Matthew Miller - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (4):34-43.
The Ubiquity and Utility of the Therapeutic Misconception.Rebecca Dresser - 2002 - Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):271-294.

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The Ubiquity and Utility of the Therapeutic Misconception.Rebecca Dresser - 2002 - Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):271-294.
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