Informal Logic 37 (2):114-128 (2017)

Jeffrey Maynes
St. Lawrence University
Cognitive bias presents as a pressing challenge to critical thinking education. While many have focused on how to eliminate or mitigate cognitive bias, others have argued that these biases are better understood as result from adaptive reasoning heuristics which are, in the right conditions, rational modes of reasoning about the world. This approach presents a new challenge to critical thinking education: if these heuristics are rational under the right conditions, does teaching critical thinking undermine student abilities to reason effectively in real life reasoning scenarios? I argue that this challenge calls for a reconception of the goals of critical thinking education to focus on how rational ideals are best achieved or approximated in human reasoners. Critical thinking educators should focus on developing the metacognitive skill to recognize when different cognitive strategies should be used.
Keywords cognitive bias  critical thinking  metacognition  pedagogy
Categories (categorize this paper)
Reprint years 2017
DOI 10.22329/il.v37i2.4818
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 61,064
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Come Now, Let Us Reason Together.Austin Dacey - 2020 - Informal Logic 40 (1):47-76.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Critical Thinking and Cognitive Bias.Jeffrey Maynes - 2015 - Informal Logic 35 (2):183-203.
Re/Thinking Critical Thinking: The Seductions of Everyday Life.Kal Alston - 2001 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 20 (1):27-40.
The Challenge of Introducing Critical Thinking in the Business Curriculum.Joseph Castellano, Susan Lightle & Bud Baker - 2014 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 29 (3):13-26.
Thinking Critically About Critical Thinking.Jennifer Wilson Mulnix - 2012 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (5):464-479.
Conflicting Logics in Teaching Critical Thinking.Yoram Harpaz - 2010 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 25 (2):5-17.
On Critical Thinking and Logic.Ming-hui Xiong - 2006 - Modern Philosophy 2:114-119.


Added to PP index

Total views
26 ( #412,476 of 2,439,609 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #282,563 of 2,439,609 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes