Foundations of Physics 42 (4):512-523 (2012)

According to Reichenbach’s principle of common cause, positive statistical correlations for which no straightforward causal explanation is available should be explained by invoking the action of a hidden conjunctive common cause. Hofer-Szabó and Rédei’s notion of a Reichenbachian common cause system is meant to generalize Reichenbach’s conjunctive fork model to fit those cases in which two or more common causes cooperate in order to produce a positive statistical correlation. Such a generalization is proved to be unsatisfactory in the light of a probabilistic conception of causation. Accordingly, an alternative model for systems of multiple common causes is offered, which is capable of emulating the explanatory efficacy of Reichenbachian common cause systems, while overcoming their major conceptual shortcomings at the same time.
Keywords Common causes  Conjunctive forks  Positive correlations  Reichenbachian common cause systems  Screening-off
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DOI 10.1007/s10701-011-9622-8
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References found in this work BETA

The Direction of Time.Hans Reichenbach - 1956 - Dover Publications.
On Reichenbach's Common Cause Principle and Reichenbach's Notion of Common Cause.G. Hofer-Szabo - 1999 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 50 (3):377-399.
On Reichenbach's Common Cause Principle and Reichenbach's Notion of Common Cause.G. Hofer-SzabÓ - 1999 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 50 (3):377-399.

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Explaining Correlations by Partitions.Chrysovalantis Stergiou - 2015 - Foundations of Physics 45 (12):1599-1612.

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