Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):145-158 (2008)
Based on structural differences between spoken and written language, the purpose of this paper was to investigate whether spoken and written communication imply a different representation in reporting an experienced dream. In fact, the clausal-dynamic quality of the former and nominal-synoptic quality of the latter, with the consequent differences in length, cohesion and density, could enhance/reduce the perceptual character and narrative structure of report features often considered in order to assess sleep mentation. In particular, we wondered whether, after eliminating all the elements responsible for the more conspicuous quantitative differences across the two forms , we would obtain two equivalent ways of reporting dreams. Three hundred and two subjects, raging in age from 18 to 40 years, participated as volunteers in the study and were asked to complete a dream diary daily for 14 days, by tape-recording their own dreams and putting them down in writing. The reports were analyzed by a psycholinguistic system. Results indicated that the report modality is able to affect the dream experience representation, conditioning the figurative translation carried out by the tester: written forms show a loss of hallucinatory information and a non-complete correspondence also of the bizarreness features with respect to the spoken texts. Partialling out for length eliminated any difference between spoken and written dream reports on bizarreness; on the other hand, controlling the sequence effect of the report did not introduce changes. Methodological and theoretical implications were discussed
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References found in this work BETA
Dreaming and the Brain: Toward a Cognitive Neuroscience of Conscious States.J. Allan Hobson, Edward F. Pace-Schott & Robert Stickgold - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):793-842; 904-1018; 1083-1121.
State-Dependent Thinking: A Comparison of Waking and Dreaming Thought.David Kahn & J. Allan Hobson - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):429-438.
The Cognitive Neuroscience of Sleep: Neuronal Systems, Consciousness and Learning.J. Allan Hobson & Edward F. Pace-Schott - 2002 - Nature Reviews Neuroscience 3:679-93.
Completeness and Accuracy of Morning Reports After a Recall Cue: Comparison of Dream and Film Reports.J. Montangero - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12 (1):49-62.
Citations of this work BETA
Walking Dreams in Congenital and Acquired Paraplegia.Marie-Thérèse Saurat, Maité Agbakou, Patricia Attigui, Jean-Louis Golmard & Isabelle Arnulf - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1425-1432.
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