Trinity and creation: Why Kortum's argument fails

Heythrop Journal 48 (2):260–266 (2007)
Kortum summarizes his own argument as follows: (1) Without thought, one cannot intentionally create anything. (2) Without language, one cannot have higher-order thoughts. (3) Without others, one cannot have a language. (4) Before the physical universe existed, God was alone and without others. (5) Therefore (by steps 3 and 4), God could not have had a language. Thus (by steps 2, 3 and 4), God could not have had any higher-order thoughts. And so, ultimately (by steps 1, 2, 3, and 4), God could not have intentionally created the physical universe. In this essay, I challenge Kortum’s conclusion. Although I have little doubt that other responses are readily available to those who believe in intelligent design, in what follows I argue that the traditional Christian doctrine of the Trinity (or at least one version of it) provides the resources to block his argument. His argument might work against other versions of monotheism; by it he might be able to show that the notion of a solitary and
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DOI 10.1111/j.1468-2265.2007.00316.x
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References found in this work BETA
Daniel Howard-Snyder (2003). Trinity Monotheism. Philosophia Christi 5 (2):375 - 403.
Edward Wierenga (2004). Trinity and Polytheism. Faith and Philosophy 21 (3):281-294.
Edward C. Feser (1997). Swinburne's Tritheism. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 42 (3):175-184.

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