Abstract
This paper weaves together a number of separate strands each relating to an aspect of Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations. The first strand introduces his radical and incoherent idea of a private object. Wittgenstein in § 258 and related passages is not investigating a perfectly ordinary notion of first person privacy; but his critics have treated his question, whether a private language is possible, solely in terms of their quite separate question of how our ordinary sensation terms can be understood, in a philosophical context, to acquire meaning. Yet it is no part of his intention to demonstrate logically that ordinary sensations are not intrinsically meaningful. This is a tempting yet misleading picture, the picture also expressed through the idea of Augustine’s child who is conceptually articulateprior to learning how to talk. This picture lies behind the born Crusoe, an idea at the centre of the dichotomy between language as essentially shared and essentially shareable, a dichotomy considered here to result from a misconception of two quite separate but related aspects of Wittgenstein’s treatment offollowing a rule. The notion of a misleading picture, in both its pre-theoretical and philosophical aspects, also plays a crucial role in a treatment of Saul Kripke’s well-known “Postscript: Wittgenstein and Other Minds.”
Keywords WITTGENSTEIN  PICTURES  PRIVACY  MIND  THE PHILOSOPHICAL INVESTIGATIONS  AUGUSTINE  § 258 PI WITT  KRIPKE'S WITTGENSTEIN
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s) 1053-8364
DOI 10.5840/jpr_2008_15
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Private Language.Stewart Candlish - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Stalking the Rigid Designator.Frank B. Ebersole - 1982 - Philosophical Investigations 5 (4):247-266.
Sensation. [REVIEW][author unknown] - 1961 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (1):194-194.
Facts and Super-Facts.Peter Winch - 1983 - Philosophical Quarterly 33 (133):398.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Pictures in Wittgenstein's Later Philosophy.David Egan - 2011 - Philosophical Investigations 34 (1):55-76.
Can I Have Your Pain?Severin Schroeder - 2013 - Philosophical Investigations 36 (1):201-209.
Kripke's Second Paragraph of Philosophical Investigations 201.Samuel Weir - 2007 - Philosophical Investigations 30 (2):172–178.
Rules, Privacy, and Physicalism.Jim Hopkins - 2012 - In J. Ellis & D. Guevara (eds.), Wittgenstein and the Philosophy of Mind. Oxford University Press. pp. 107-144.
Essays on Wittgenstein.E. D. Klemke - 1971 - Urbana, University of Illinois Press.
Wittgenstein on Mind and Language.David G. Stern - 1995 - Oxford University Press.
Kripke’s Wittgenstein and the Impossibility of Private Language.John A. Humphrey - 1996 - Journal of Philosophical Research 21 (January):197-207.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2010-10-02

Total views
370 ( #21,674 of 2,426,897 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
16 ( #45,930 of 2,426,897 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes