Inquiry 45 (1):3 – 33 (2002)
The most important sources of contemporary American literary theory are neither the linguistics-based movement of French structuralism, as the term 'poststructuralism' implies, nor a 'modernity' that has been superseded, as the term 'postmodernism' implies, but rather a modernist tradition of aesthetics shaped by eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century German romanticism and idealism, movements that culminated in the work of Heidegger during the Weimar period between the World Wars and afterward, exercising an increasingly dominant influence on French theorists after World War II, from Sartre through Derrida, and subsequently on the development of poststructuralism and postmodernism during the 1970s and 1980s in the United States. This essay strives to put well-accepted facts and issues within what Wittgenstein called a 'perspicuous' perspective. Although it is common to observe that deconstruction shares with Romanticism certain very general features, the same judgment is not often applied to deconstruction's semiotic account of language as a system of arbitrary signs without positive values. The essay's claim, by contrast, is that romanticist, especially German influences, operating in complementary relation with influences from the English and French Enlightenments, provided the cultural and conceptual milieu in which literary theory's distinctively modern, characteristically ontological, and anti-metaphysical view of language developed.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
The Possible and the Actual: Readings in the Metaphysics of Modality.Michael J. Loux (ed.) - 1979 - Cornell University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Structuralism and Poststructuralism for Beginners.Donald Palmer - 1997 - For Beginners Llc.
What's Wrong with Postmodernism: Critical Theory and the Ends of Philosophy.Christopher Norris - 1990 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
From Romanticism to Critical Theory: The Philosophy of German Literary Theory.Andrew Bowie - 1996 - Routledge.
The Puritan and the Cynic: Moralists and Theorists in French and American Letters.Jefferson Humphries - 1987 - Oxford University Press.
Post-Structuralism and the Question of History.Derek Attridge, Geoffrey Bennington & Robert Young (eds.) - 1987 - Cambridge University Press.
Deconstruction and the Remainders of Phenomenology: Sartre, Derrida, Foucault, Baudrillard.Tilottama Rajan - 2002 - Stanford University Press.
Language and Being: Crossroads of Modern Literary Theory and Classical Ontology.Henry McDonald - 2004 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 30 (2):187-220.
Fielding Derrida: Philosophy, Literary Criticism, History, and the Work of Deconstruction.Joshua Kates - 2008 - Fordham University Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads14 ( #331,427 of 2,164,635 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #348,012 of 2,164,635 )
How can I increase my downloads?