Philosophical Psychology 19 (3):381 – 399 (2006)
Schemas contribute to adaptation, filtering novelty though knowledge-expectancy structures, the residue of past contingencies and their consequences. Adaptation requires a balance between flexible, dynamic context-sensitivity and the cognitive efficiency that schemas afford in promoting persistent goal pursuit despite distraction. Affects can form and disrupt schemas. Transient affective experiences systematically alter selectivity of attentiveness to the directly experienced present environment, the internal environment, and to the stored experiences of memory. Enduring personal stylistic predispositions, like implicit motives and affective schemas, influence how experience is perceived, responded to, and integrated; they shape memory and influence present experiential patterns, individually and intersubjectively. Such systematic influences are potential sources of error in the study of memory if not mapped; so far, individual personality differences have just been a source of complication in the literature on emotion-congruent perception and memory. I synthesize what findings there are about how personality differences, emotions, and affects contribute to the structuring and integration of perceptions and memories both directly and by way of hot, affectively-anchored schemas. Case studies from experimental and personality psychology highlight a conception of personality and affective experience relevant to memory research and cognitive science.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Interpreting the Personal: Expression and the Formation of Feelings.Sue Campbell - 1997 - The Personalist Forum 15 (1):185-187.
What Determines a Feeling's Position in Affective Space? A Case for Appraisal.Klaus Scherer, Elise Dan & Anders Flykt - 2006 - Cognition and Emotion 20 (1):92-113.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Perspectives on the Past: A Study of the Spatial Perspectival Characteristics of Recollective Memories.Dorothea Debus - 2007 - Mind and Language 22 (2):173-206.
Being Emotional About the Past: On the Nature and Role of Past-Directed Emotions.Dorothea Debus - 2007 - Noûs 41 (4):758-779.
Affective Forecasting: Why Can't People Predict Their Emotions?Peter Ayton, Alice Pott & Najat Elwakili - 2007 - Thinking and Reasoning 13 (1):62 – 80.
Self-Regulation and Autonoetic Consciousness.Brian Levine - 2000 - In Endel Tulving (ed.), Memory, Consciousness, and the Brain: The Tallinn Conference. Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis.
A Lockean Theory of Memory Experience.David J. Owens - 1996 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (2):319-32.
The Psychology of Personality: An Epistemological Inquiry.James T. Lamiell - 1987 - Columbia University Press.
Experiencing the Past: A Relational Account of Recollective Memory.Dorothea Debus - 2008 - Dialectica 62 (4):405-432.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads37 ( #137,450 of 2,158,298 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #355,837 of 2,158,298 )
How can I increase my downloads?