Indifference principle and anthropic principle in cosmology

Abstract
The successes scored by the big bang model of cosmic evolution in the 1960’s led to an intensive application of quantum theory to the problem of how the expansion might have begun and what its likely first stages were. It seemed as though an incredibly precise setting of the initial conditions would have been needed in order that a long-lived galactic universe containing heavy elements might develop. One response was to suppose that the fine-tuning could somehow be explained by the presence of humans in the universe. This ran quite counter to the traditional supposition, according to which an initial "chaos" was sufficient. This essay outlines the history of the two principles, argues that the so-called "weak" anthropic principle is banal, distinguishes between two sorts of anthropic explanation, and assesses the prospects of the anthropic turn in cosmology. (edited)
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DOI 10.1016/0039-3681(93)90034-H
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References found in this work BETA
What Is the Explanandum of the Anthropic Principle?Patrick A. Wilson - 1991 - American Philosophical Quarterly 28 (2):167 - 173.
Newton on Matter and Activity.Ralph C. S. Walker & Ernan McMullin - 1980 - Philosophical Quarterly 30 (120):249.
Anthropic Principle, World Ensemble, Design.John Leslie - 1982 - American Philosophical Quarterly 19 (2):141 - 151.
Evolution and Creation.Ernan Mcmullin - 1986 - Philosophy of Science 53 (4):608-610.
Does the Anthropic Principle Live Up to Scientific Standards.Peter Kirschenmann - 1992 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 8 (2):21-48.

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Citations of this work BETA
On Under-Determination in Cosmology.Jeremy Butterfield - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 46 (1):57-69.
Fine-Tuning and the Infrared Bull's-Eye.John Roberts - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 160 (2):287-303.
Copernicus, Kant, and the Anthropic Cosmological Principles.S. Roush - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 34 (1):5-35.
The Legacy of Georges Cuvier in Auguste Comte's Natural Philosophy.Chris McClellan - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 32 (1):1-29.

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What Is the Explanandum of the Anthropic Principle?Patrick A. Wilson - 1991 - American Philosophical Quarterly 28 (2):167 - 173.
The Anthropic Principle: A Primer for Philosophers.Frank J. Tipler - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:27 - 48.
Copernicus, Kant, and the Anthropic Cosmological Principles.S. Roush - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 34 (1):5-35.
Anthropic Explanations in Cosmology.John Leslie - 1986 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:87 - 95.
Carter on Anthropic Principle Predictions.Patrick A. Wilson - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (1):241-253.
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