Person-affecting views and saturating counterpart relations

Philosophical Studies 158 (2):257-287 (2012)

Authors
Christopher Meacham
University of Massachusetts, Amherst
Abstract
In Reasons and Persons, Parfit (1984) posed a challenge: provide a satisfying normative account that solves the Non-Identity Problem, avoids the Repugnant and Absurd Conclusions, and solves the Mere-Addition Paradox. In response, some have suggested that we look toward person-affecting views of morality for a solution. But the person-affecting views that have been offered so far have been unable to satisfy Parfit's four requirements, and these views have been subject to a number of independent complaints. This paper describes a person-affecting account which meets Parfit's challenge. The account satisfies Parfit's four requirements, and avoids many of the criticisms that have been raised against person-affecting views.
Keywords Repugnant conclusion  Non-identity problem  Mere-addition paradox  Person-affecting view  Parfit  Counterpart
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DOI 10.1007/s11098-012-9884-9
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References found in this work BETA

Reasons and Persons.Derek Parfit - 1984 - Oxford University Press.
Reasons and Persons.Derek Parfit - 1984 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (2):311-327.
On the Plurality of Worlds.David Lewis - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy 85 (1):42-47.
Ethics Out of Economics.John Broome - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

Population Axiology.Hilary Greaves - 2017 - Philosophy Compass 12 (11):e12442.
Essentialism and the Nonidentity Problem.Shamik Dasgupta - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 96 (3):540-570.
Possible Persons and the Problem of Prenatal Harm.Nicola Jane Williams - 2013 - The Journal of Ethics 17 (4):355-385.
Engineering Life Expectancy and Non-Identity Cases.Tatjana Višak - 2018 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 31 (2):281-293.

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