Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18:523-541 (1995)
Sociopaths are members of society in two senses: politically, they draw our attention because of the inordinate amount of crime they commit, and psychologically, they hold our fascination because most ofus cannot fathom the cold, detached way they repeatedly harm and manipulate others. Proximate explanations from behavior genetics, child development, personality theory, learning theory, and social psychology describe a complex interaction of genetic and physiological risk factors with demographic and micro environmental variables that predispose a portion of the population to chronic antisocial behavior. More recent, evolutionary and game theoretic models have tried to present an ultimate explanation of sociopathy as the expression of a frequency-dependent life strategy which is selected, in dynamic equilibrium, in response to certain varying environmental circumstances. This paper tries to integrate the proximate, developmental models with the ultimate, evolutionary ones, suggesting that two developmentally different etiologies of sociopathy emerge from two different evolutionary mechanisms. Social strategies for minimizing the incidence of sociopathic behavior in modern society should consider the two different etiologies and the factors that contribute to them.
|Keywords||antisocial personality criminal behavior emotion evolution facultative strategies game theory moral development psychopathy sociobiology sociopathy|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Machiavellian Intelligence: Social Expertise and the Evolution of Intellect in Monkeys, Apes, and Humans.R. W. Byrne & Andrew Whiten (eds.) - 1988 - Oxford University Press.
Does the Chimpanzee Have a Theory of Mind?David Premack & G. Woodruff - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (4):515-629.
Citations of this work BETA
A Mutualistic Approach to Morality: The Evolution of Fairness by Partner Choice.Nicolas Baumard, Jean-Baptiste André & Dan Sperber - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (1):59-122.
Disease.Rachel Cooper - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 33 (2):263-282.
Similar books and articles
The Sociobiology of Sociopathy: An Alternative Hypothesis.Wim E. Crusio - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (1):154-155.
Evolutionary Psychology.Paul E. Griffiths - 2006 - In Jessica Pfeifer & Sahotra Sarkar (eds.), The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. pp. 263--268.
The Sociobiology Muddle:On Human Nature. Edward O. Wilson; The Sociobiology Debate. Arthur L. Caplan; Human Sociobiology: A Holistic Approach. Daniel G. Freedman; Sociobiology: Sense or Nonsense? Michael Ruse. [REVIEW]Robert L. Simon - 1982 - Ethics 92 (2):327-.
Evolutionary Ethics: Its Origins and Contemporary Face.Paul Thompson - 1999 - Zygon 34 (3):473-484.
Similarities and Varieties: A Brief Sketch on the Reception of Darwinism and Sociobiology in Japan. [REVIEW]Osamu Sakura - 1998 - Biology and Philosophy 13 (3):341-357.
The Transformation of Human Sociobiology.Philip Kitcher - 1986 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:63-74.
The Modern Synthesis and Lewontin's Critique of Sociobiology.I. I. I. Holcomb - 1988 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 10 (2):315 - 341.
Biologists on Sociocultural Evolution: A Critical Analysis.Marion Blute - 1987 - Sociological Theory 5 (2):185-193.
Is Sociobiology a Pseudoscience?R. Paul Thompson - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:363 - 370.
An Intellectual Legacy of the Past: The Reception of Sociobiology in the East-European Countries. [REVIEW]Tamas Bereczkei - 1993 - Biology and Philosophy 8 (4):399-407.
Added to index2013-10-29
Total downloads115 ( #41,990 of 2,158,948 )
Recent downloads (6 months)22 ( #16,794 of 2,158,948 )
How can I increase my downloads?