Conceptualizing a Human Right to Prevention in Global HIV/AIDS Policy

Public Health Ethics 5 (3):263-282 (2012)
Abstract
Given current constraints on universal treatment campaigns, recent advances in public health prevention initiatives have revitalized efforts to stem the tide of HIV transmission. Yet, despite a growing imperative for prevention—supported by the promise of behavioral, structural and biomedical approaches to lower the incidence of HIV—human rights frameworks remain limited in addressing collective prevention policy through global health governance. Assessing the evolution of rights-based approaches to global HIV/AIDS policy, this review finds that human rights have shifted from collective public health to individual treatment access. While the advent of the HIV/AIDS pandemic gave meaning to rights in framing global health policy, the application of rights in treatment access litigation came at the expense of public health prevention efforts. Where the human rights framework remains limited to individual rights enforced against a state duty bearer, such rights have faced constrained application in framing population-level policy to realize the public good of HIV prevention. Concluding that human rights frameworks must be developed to reflect the complementarity of individual treatment and collective prevention, this article conceptualizes collective rights to public health, structuring collective combination prevention to alleviate limitations on individual rights frameworks and frame rights-based global HIV/AIDS policy to assure research expansion, prevention access and health system integration
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1093/phe/phs034
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history
Request removal from index
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 26,188
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
Public Health and Public Goods.Jonny Anomaly - 2011 - Public Health Ethics 4 (3):251-259.
Community: The Neglected Tradition of Public Health.Dan E. Beauchamp - 1985 - Hastings Center Report 15 (6):28-36.

View all 8 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
A Strategy of Clinical Tolerance for the Prevention of Hiv and Aids in China.Yanguang Wang - 2000 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (1):48 – 61.
Public Health and Human Rights.Rida Usman Khalafzai - 2009 - Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 14 (3):4.
The HIV/aIDS Pandemic: A Sign of Instability in a Complex Global System.Solomon R. Benatar - 2002 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (2):163 – 177.

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2012-12-07

Total downloads

15 ( #309,002 of 2,153,834 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

1 ( #398,274 of 2,153,834 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.

Other forums